The history of hedgehogs is long and colourful. Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals that first evolved about 15 million years ago.

They live across Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Central Asia. Hedgehogs were introduced to New Zealand from England, and now they are abundant throughout the country, but considered a threat to native wildlife.

There are about one million West European hedgehogs living in the UK.

Hedgehogs are declining rapidly and hence it is important to only consider fairly recent records when inspecting the distribution of hedgehogs in the UK. The map below demonstrates how widely distributed they still are, with almost comprehensive coverage across England. This distribution masks the ongoing declines that our long-running mammal surveys are detecting.

On this website, you will find useful information on hedgehogs in the UK, from detailed explanation on their decline to how to take care of a hedgehog family if you cross paths with some.